Trafficking in human beings (THB) persists as a form of modern slavery that knows no boundaries and continues to encroach on the rights and values of society. No country is safe from this malicious phenomenon. Ever since the first case was identified, the Government of the Republic of Moldova has been consolidating its approach towards this aggressor, pragmatic national policies have been put in place and partnerships with civil society and international organizations have been established to prevent and combat THB.
At the basis of national legal framework that regulates legal relations on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings is Law No. 241-XVI of 20 October 2005 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings. The Republic of Moldova has ratified a series of international conventions such as the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, Moldova ratified by Law no. 67-XVI of 30 March 2006, the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocol, ratified by the Law no. 17-XV of 17 February 2005.
The European and international bodies, which assess permanently the efforts undertaken by the states in the anti-trafficking area, have appreciated the progress registered by the Republic of Moldova in 2012, and the fact that the ranking within the Report on Trafficking in Persons of the US State Department was maintained for the country at the Second Tier confirms that Moldova undertakes significant dissuasive efforts in relation to the THB phenomenon.
The recommendations of the international reports are considered to be benchmarks for improving the national anti-trafficking policies. Therefore, the respective recommendations were formulated as problems to be solved, being also included in the National Plan for Preventing and Combating THB for 2014-2016. The orientation of the anti-trafficking community towards the respective recommendations has impelled the decision-making process, by initiating a number of activities, among which: collection and harmonization of statistical data, consolidation of the institutional and legislative framework, awareness-raising among the national authorities about the right of the THB victims to request for the state guaranteed compensation, improvement of the process related to THB victims’ identification by consolidating the capacities of the anti-trafficking stakeholders, etc.